Growing White Freesia at Home
White freesia is just one of the 14 species within the freesia genus. All varieties of Freesia are native to North Africa, particular the Cape Province region, so naturally these flowers are quite susceptible to the dangers of frost and colder temperatures. This makes them a little more difficult to grow in countries where cold winter temperatures and snow are likely. While it can be tricky to grow white freesia at home, it is by no means impossible. In fact, as long as you stick to the recommendations in this guide, you should soon find yourself enjoying freesia within your own home or garden!
Traditionally freesia is a purple flower, however successful cross-breeding has resulted in pink, blue, orange, yellow, and white varieties. All freesia plants grow from a corm, which is simply a solid bulb. This variety of freesia is a perennial plant that pops up in late summer to autumn and is renowned for its wonderful romantic scent. The funnel-shaped white freesia is often creamy in color with smooth green foliage. The petals are of medium size, as is the flower itself. The stalks of the freesia plant average about a foot in height and can produce as many as eight flowers on one stalk. This makes them ideal to be cut for indoor use as the stalks will continue to produce flowers as long as they are provided with sunlight and water.
Ideal Environment and Location
The freesia plant is one that truly is as delicate as it appears. Freesia is very susceptible to cool temperatures and therefore gardeners who reside in a cooler climate may have to grow this plant indoors. Although those in warmer climates should be able to successfully grow this plant outdoors, it is still recommended that white freesia be grown in a pot to prevent damage to roots or the stalks themselves. Even a gusty wind could damage this lovely plant, and a pot would allow you to move the plant indoors whenever the weather becomes too destructive for freesia.
The ideal environment for freesia is a sunny spot with well-drained soil. Those who live in a very warm environment may want to place this plant in a spot where it can receive plenty of sunlight in the morning and shade in the afternoon when the sun is most harsh. In cooler climates one should endeavor to provide the freesia with as much sunlight as possible. The pot or patch of ground should also have good drainage to prevent the corm or roots from rotting. A raised border area would suit this tall plant very well.
Planting White Freesia
When planting your corm, you may want to start it off in a pot inside your home. This will ensure that you have control over the elements during your plant’s delicate early stages of life. Sow the seeds in autumn. Within about four or five weeks the corm should germinate. When placing the seed into the soil-filled pot, stick the corm into a depth that is three times the height of the corm. For instance, if your corm is an inch tall, place it three inches into the soil. Cover the corm and water the soil. Check each day for the first two weeks to ensure that the soil is moist but not wet. Never allow it to pool with water but also never allow it to completely dry out. Place it in a sunny spot where it can receive at least six hours of direct sunlight. You may notice that the flowers being to become dull or discolored in the spring. This is the plant’s dormant period. Stop watering the freesia and store the container in a cool place throughout the summer. Towards the end of the summer season, bring the pot outdoors (or keep it inside if you prefer) in a nice, sunny location and start watering it again. It may take up to three seasons before the freesia actually produces flowers, but the end result is definitely worthwhile!