Bing Cherry Tree
Bing Cherry Tree: Basic Facts
The bing cherry tree is the most popular cherry tree found in the United States for good reason. The bing cherry tree can grown almost anywhere in the United States that has adequate sunlight and well-drained soil. It grows well in zones 5-8, so it does well in all areas of the U.S. with the exception of only the very coldest and hottest climates. Many plant these trees to grow sweet cherries for cooking purposes, but the cherries can also be a delicious treat eaten directly from the tree, provided that the cherry has been cleaned and inspected for defects and pests. Aside from being eaten fresh, the cherries from the bing cherry tree are regularly used to make pies and preserves.
The bing cherry is normally dark maroon in color and can have an almost black appearance with a smooth and somewhat shiny skin. The cherry darkens in color as it ripens, and it also sweetens as it ripens. Once they are fully ripe, bing cherries will only last for a few days before they begin to mold. Once they start to mold, all of the cherries will go bad quite quickly, so it is best to eat the cherries or process them as soon as they have been picked. Under the skin of a ripe bing cherry is a very juicy and sweet surprise. The bing cherry does have a pit, so you should eat with caution. The seed in the middle of the cherry (the pit) is hard enough to chip your teeth or you can even choke on it.
The bing cherry tree has been known to grow to heights of twenty feet or more and a width of about fifteen feet provided that conditions are ideal. They make lovely additions to a landscape with their flowers in spring, the dense shade they provide, and the contrast of the deep red berries against the green foliage. Your entire family will appreciate the sweet treats they can get off of their very own cherry tree. The bing cherry tree does require cross-pollination, though, so you may need to plant two trees near each other unless there is another sweet cherry tree nearby. To cross-pollinate, the other tree needs to be a different variety of sweet cherry. If there is not another cherry tree in the immediate vicinity, your tree will not produce fruit. Some of the best choices to cross-pollinate your bing cherry tree are the Black Tart, Ranier, Van, Lapins, and Stella varieties. It will begin to produce cherries within 3 to 5 years after planting, and can be harvested in late June.
To plant a bing cherry tree, first choose a sunny, well-drained spot. Cherry trees should be planted in either early spring or fall. You should allow 20 to 30 feet of space around all sides of your new cherry tree, and plant to the depth recommended by the nursery where you purchase your tree. Again, be sure to have another cherry tree of a different variety nearby, or your tree will not bear fruit.
The bing cherry originated in the Pacific Northwest and will do well if the climate is wet. Therefore, bing has been a major cultivar in the Pacific Northwest since the 1870’s, and it remains a large crop there to this day. It is a good part of a healthy diet, and it has been shown to reduce the toxins in the body, and they have been proven to have anti-inflammatory properties. Sweet and delicious, and healthy too! Bing cherries are a healthy treat your entire family will enjoy.